Paper Presentation Topics: Robotics

Robotics

Abstract : (Seminar) The present paper attempts to deal with Robotics in the present context of activities handled by various departments in the globe Robotics is design and manufacture of intelligent machines that are programmed to perform certain tasks. Robots are used in industries to increase productivity and handle jobs that are too dangerous for humans.Robots are built in a complex way. They are made of a controller which acts as the brain of a computer , an arm which resembles the human arm is designed according to the application, the drive which drives the robot to do a certain task, an end-effector which attaches the hand to the arm and a sensor which provides a limited feedback to the robot.Robotic architecture is mainly based on the microcontrollers.Use of integrated microcontrollers is gained a lot of importance because of its reliability at a low cost. The microcontroller forms the heart of the embedded system that forms the brain of the majority of robots. Robotics is used for industrial automation to the extent that the terms ‘robotics and industrial automation’ have become synonyms in the industrial world.Use of highly integrated Microcontrollers allows development of distributed intelligence systems. Motion control on a robot is accomplished by components, software enabled components and integrated solutions.Androids are the anthropomorphic robots (i.e robots that look more like humans) need a special mention because of the wide range of their utilities, and their ability to replace humans & thus help in automation. In real world, robots are redefining manufacturing, medicine, exploration and consumer electronics. Robotics has the potential to change our economy, health, standard of living, knowledge and above all the world we live in.