Paper Presentation & Seminar Topics: Robots and Robotic Technology

Robots and Robotic Technology

Abstract : (seminar) Robot can be defined as :"A re-programmable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through various programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks." A robot consists of two main parts: the robot body and some form of artificial intelligence (AI) system. The word "robot" originates from the Czech word for forced labor, or serf. It was introduced by playwright Karel Capek, whose fictional robotic inventions were much like Dr. Frankenstein's monster.The essential characteristics of robots are:s Sensing,s Movement,s Energy,s Intelligence.Sensors are the perceptual system of a robot and measure physical quantities like contact, distance, light, sound, strain, rotation, magnetism, smell,temperature, inclination, pressure, or altitude. In the manufacturing field, robot development has focused on engineering robotic arms that perform manufacturing processes. In the space industry, robotics focuses on highly specialized, one-of-kind planetary rovers .In industries, robots can be used for welding, painting and
assembly. From military technology and space exploration to the health industry and commerce, the advantages of using robots have been realized to the point that they are becoming a part of our collective experience and every day lives. Today, we find most robots working for people
in factories, warehouses, and laboratories. Robots have the potential to change our economy, our health, our standard of living, our knowledge and the world in which we live. As the technology progresses, we are finding new ways to use robots. Each new use brings new hope and possibilities, but also potential dangers and risks.